Shaylers Vision Centre Ltd                      phone : 01929 553928                   email: reception@visiontherapy.co.uk

  • Myopia - shortsight

  • Myopia - what is it?

    Myopia, short-sightedness usually starts to develop around puberty, but it can develop at any age, including in very young children.

    It's unusual for the condition to start after the age of 30, although older people may become short-sighted as a result of cataracts (cloudy patches that develop in the lens of the eye).

    Younger children may think that blurred vision is normal, so their symptoms may only be noticed after they start school and have difficulty reading the blackboard.

    Short-sightedness often gradually gets worse as a child gets older. This is because as the child grows, their eyes grow longer. The condition tends to stabilise after a person is fully grown, although sometimes it can progress until the mid- to late-20s.

    In older people, the onset of short-sightedness can be an early indication that a cataract is forming. Cataracts occur when the eye's lens, which is usually clear, starts to become opaque (cloudy), resulting in blurred or cloudy vision. They are usually associated with ageing.

  • Myopia - reducing the risks

    Reducing the risks of myopia

    1)Choose your parents wisely - having myopic parents increases the risk of myopia in their children!!

    2)Lots of outdoor play - it has been estimated that if children played outdoors for an extra hour a day, the number of children developing myopia would reduce by 10%

    3)Limit the use of mobile devices - since the advent of iPads and iPhones, myopia is increasing at all ages

    4)Reduce computer use - adults who are using computers for a large part of their day increase their risk of developing myopia - children especially should limit their time using electronic devices

    5)Remember the 20/20/20 rule - After every 20 minutes, look away to something 20 feet away for 20 seconds

    6)Every hour, physically get up and away from the screen to reduce visual, postural, spinal and musculo-skeletal problems

  • Myopia - reducing its development

    Treatment options

    1) If myopia development is identified early, then the provision of "reading glasses" can sometimes reduce the near vision stress and allow th the eyes to stop or slow development of this condition

    2) Bifocals or varifocals can reduce the stress of close work which may slow myopia development

    3) Contact lenses can sometimes reduce myopia development

    4) Ortho-K contact lenses are lenses worn at night to reduce the myopia by flattening the cornea, normalising the myopia during the day

    5) Laser refractive surgery can be a successful option, however, as with all forms of surgery, there are risks - this treatment is only possible in adults once the developing myopia has stabilised